Permeable pavements are paved surfaces that infiltrate, treat, and/or store rainwater where it falls. Permeable pavements may be constructed from pervious concrete, Permeable Pavement porous asphalt, permeable interlocking pavers, and several other materials. These pavements are particularly cost effective where land values are high and where flooding or icing is a problem. Permeable pavement is designed to allow percolation or infiltration of stormwater through the surface into the soil below where the water is naturally filtered and pollutants are removed. In contrast, normal pavement is an impervious surface that sheds rainfall and associated surface pollutants forcing the water to run off paved surfaces directly into nearby storm drains and then into streams and lakes. Pervious surface coverings, if installed correctly and properly maintained, duplicate the structural and functional features of traditional pavement.
Scientific studies have linked high levels of impervious surfaces to water quality degradation. Two thirds of the impervious surfaces in developed communities are in the form of pavement related to automobile usage. Any design that uses alternatives to reduce impervious pavement is a positive step towards improving the quality of a community’s water resource.
Permeable pavements are a recognized runoff reducing substitute for normal pavements in development or redevelopment of:
Driveways, including residential driveways, low-traffic roads, fire lanes and emergency access roads;
Parking areas; especially over-flow parking and those associated with office buildings, shopping centers and recreational facilities ;
Throughout 2016 and 2017, the Nassau County Soil and Water Conservation District worked on three raingardens, utilizing grant funding through the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation and Long Island Sound Study's Long Island Sound Futures Fund. These raingardens will help reduce pollution carried by stormwater runoff to the Long Island Sound . The location of each raingarden was carefully chosen and built where it would collect the most stormwater runoff.
Beginning in 2018, the Nassau County Soil & Water Conservation District has been constructing raingardens throughout Bayville. Clean Water Communities reduce contaminant load and nutrient loads by installing raingardens and utilizing green infrastructure.
In 2022 the Nassau County Soil & Water Conservation District finished the project with the installation of permeable pavement at the Bayville Community Center. Helping increase infiltration and reduce stormwater runoff pollutants and excess nutrients in the area.