Here you can findout how to protect yourself from ticks, the types of ticks to look out for and safe procedure for dealing with a tick bite.
Additional information about NCSWCD tick monitoring, control and surveying can be found below.
The #1 way to protect yourself and your pets from ticks is to check every time you come back from an area that may contain ticks. Ticks do not jump, fly, or fall from trees. They crawl close to the ground on leaves, brush and wait on tall grass to jump onto a host. Stay on the trail! Steer clear of walking into areas with plants that will brush up against you. When ticks are not "questing" on plants they rehydrate under leaves in the woods, ticks need moisture to survive. The best way to avoid ticks is walking in dry/hot areas with little vegetation, on trails, mowed grass, and areas without plants growing above ankle height.
Wear light colored clothing to help spot ticks, long sleeve shirt and pants tucked into socks when walking in tick exposed areas.
Treating Clothin with 0.5% Premethrin will repel ticks and last for multiple washes.
To kill remaingin ticks on clothing dry clothes after returning home. Tumble clothing on high heat for 10 minutes will kill any ticks still remaining after your initial check. Dry before you wash, ticks will die from a lack of moisture in the drier.
Shower using a wash cloth to dislodge unattached ticks, and thouroughly check yourself when you shower over the next 48 hours
All ticks pictured range from 1/4 inch to 1/16inch in size and have been drastically enlarged below to show detail
Prompt and proper tick removal may decrease your chances of getting tick-borne diseases. The steps are:
Use a fine-point tweezers to grasp near the head or mouth of the tick, as close to the skin as possible.
Pull firmly and steadily straight outward. Do Not jerk or twist the tick.
Disinfect the bite wound with rubbing alcohol or hydrogen peroxide.
Place the tick in a small container of rubbing alchohol to kill it.
Record the date and location of the bite to monitor yourself for symptoms over the next 48 - 168 hours
Do not use petroleum jelly, gasoline, lit matches, oils or any other remedies to remove ticks. These methods may actually increase your chances of contracting a disease.
Blacklegged Ticks also known as Deer Ticks (lxodes scapularis) typically transmit Lyme disease, anaplasmosis and babesiosis.
Anaplasmosis is caused by the bacterium Anaplasma phagocytophilum and may cause flu-like symptoms 1-3 weeks after the bite of an infected tick. Infection usually produces mild to moderately severe illness, with high fever and headache, but may occasionally be life-threatening or even fatal.
Lone Star Ticks (Amblyomma americanum) typically transmit ehrlichiosis, tularemia and Southern Tick Associated Rash Illness (STARI).
American Dog Ticks (Dermacentor variabilis) typically transmit Rocky Mountain spotted fever and tularemia.
Transmission Ticks require a blood meal three times in their two-year life cycle. Ticks will attach to your skin and feed for 2-7 days depending on the tick's stage. Studies have shown that the tick must stay on the body for about 36 hours to transmit Lyme disease. As a result, protective measures and prompt tick removal is essential in reducing your risk of infection.
Diagnosis and Treatment Be sure to seek medical attention if you become ill after a tick bite. Generally, an evaluation of symptoms and blood tests will be used in making a diagnosis. Prompt diagnosis and treatment improves outcomes. Your healthcare provider will determine the appropriate treatment for you.
Repellents may be used to repel ticks and prevent tick attachment. Always read and follow all label directions carefully. Repellents containing DEET may be applied to the skin and clothing. Both CDC and the American Academy of Pediatrics recommend that DEET not be used in children less than two months of age, and for children older than two months of age, the level should not be higher than 30 percent. For adults, CDC recommends the amount should be between 20 and 50 percent. Repellents containing permethrin may be applied to clothing only.
Ticks will remain active year-round (above 40° F/4.4°C). Preventive measures should be used whenever tick-exposure is likely. Here are some steps to follow:
North East Regional Center for Excellence in Vector-Borne Diseases - tick and mosquito research and outreach programs
Nassau County Soil & Water Conservation District recently participated in the 2022 TICK BLITZ
surveying a collective 1,500 meters of Muttontown Preserve.
The NYS Tick Blitz is a yearly event created by the Northeast Regional Vector Control Center NEVBD. With help from Cornell Cooperative Extension CCE and NYS Integrated Pest Management NYIPM.
The purpose of the study is to study all NY regions simultaneously to understand where different tick species are present and track their northward expansion.
A bite mark can be properly identified even after a bite has occurred by the marking of the rash.
A spiders bite forms fluid filled bumps at the site of the bite
Resemble a "bulls-eye" or a raised expanding solid patch
Insect bites result in itchy or red raised skin reactions
Result in pain and a large amount of swelling in the area
Click on the images below to enlarge.